The Pontiac GTO was a muscle car from Pontiac
manufactured from 1964 to 1974. Many consider it to be the first true
muscle car, since it was the first based on a mid-size platform rather
than the full-size cars that earlier performance models had been based
on. The nameplate was revived in 2004.
Pontiac got the name from Ferrari's GTO (Gran
Turismo Omologato). Actually omologato (or homologated in English) means
that the model is truly a production car, there having been at least a
hundred made — certainly the case with the Pontiac GTO. Unusually for
such a Detroit marketing ploy, a conscientious Pontiac employee actually
went through the proper steps to have the car homologated by the FIA, so
that it was possible for the occasional GTO to compete in a European
sports car race, where they made a fairly good impression for themselves
considering their size and weight. The car was nicknamed "The Great One"
by Pontiac, and "the Goat" by fans.